It’s when a player takes an extra base or extra base with a runner on second or third.
The swing can be from the infielder on base, or from the pitcher at the plate. In either situation, the batter is called out by umpires for an out-of-bounds violation, called an “out-of-bounds play,” or a “safe” ball from the play.
Swinged balls that are scored as outs and called “safe” are called “extra bases.” Most often, an “extra bases” call is called for a double with a runner on second or third. But it can also be called for a double with a runner on first. Or for a single with a runner on first and no outs, or for a triple with runners at the corners with no outs.
The term “safe” was coined by Billy Martin in 1956 to describe the “dive,” as described in the Chicago Tribune article that inspired it.
This swing chart illustrates the different ways a batter can lose when a runner scores while not reaching second base.
Swing Chart Example: Double with a runner on first
1) The batter tries to advance the runner, but does not make it. Instead, the runner scores.
2) The batter tries to advance the runner, but does not make it. Instead, he scores and the runner is declared out.
3) He moves to third with no outs when the batter moves behind the mound. He now has another chance, but is also declared out.
The “out-of-bounds play” called if the batter makes a swing at second base, or at first base, or scores a run while still on second base is called a “out-of-bounds play.”
The “safe” call called when the batter does not reach second base may occur in cases where runners get on to the base quickly, but they are not inbounds. For example: a runner advances to put two on in the bottom of the seventh, and another runner comes back on in the eighth. The batter is not out and he could have made it on the next pitch.
So in the above diagram, the batter is called out when he tries to gain on third without having yet struck out.
What are the consequences for an out-of-bounds call, but not an out-of-bounds call
Depending on the situation,
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